A fruit is a product of the tree that bears seeds and is consumed as a food for its sweet, edible flesh. They can be eaten in a raw form as a whole or cooked into a stew, juiced, diced or even dried and frozen forms. Technically, even avocadoes, tomatoes, cucumbers, squash and other sweet-tasting vegetables can also be treated as fruits.
Fruits are divided into groups depending on the number of ovaries they have developed from. Here are some of the major classification of fruits to know about:
- Examples of simple fruits include fleshy fruits like apples, cherries, plums or dry ones like hazelnuts, walnuts etc.
- Examples: Strawberry, Fig, Apple, Stone Fruit etc.
What are the Various Categories Of Fruits?
In the above section, you have learnt about the types of fruits divided based on their formation, let us now understand the categorization of fruits based on the physical structure and the seeds.
It is a simple, dry indehiscent fruit that is developed from a single ovary and has a thin and closed wall around the single seed.
It is a fleshy fruit that contains many seeds inside and a soft or hard covering on the outside.
- Examples: Kiwi, Watermelon, Cranberries, Passion Fruit, Grapes, Papaya, Bananas and Tomatoes
It is a type of fruit that is seen in cereals and grasses and is a dry, single fruit in which the ovary wall joins the outer seed coating.
- Examples: Peach, Cherry, Coconut, Mango, Plum, Olive etc.
After that dose of botanical knowledge, we wanted to give you an insight into the characteristic properties of some of the common kinds of fruits with pictures and names:
Among the many fruit categories, apples top the charts in terms of popularity. An Apple is a juicy and edible fruit of the apple tree, scientifically called the Malus Domestica. It has its roots in Central Asia and now spread to many countries that cultivate many varieties of apples. These are grown from flowers and have multiple seeds inside them, which are the only inedible parts of the fruit.
香蕉是热带水果,以其营养tional goodness. It belongs to the Musaceae family and is botanically a berry, due to multiple seeds inside it. The fruit comes with an outer cover, which when peeled reveals a mushy, white flesh. Both the ripe and unripe varieties of fruits are edible, with sweet and starchy-tart tastes respectively.
Orange is a citrus fruit that is loaded with nutrients like Vitamin C. They are round in shape, with a greenish to orange color leathery, outer skin. When this layer is peeled, the fruit reveals small bean-shaped segments that have thin skins, juicy pulp and bitter seeds. It has a sour to sweet and tangy taste, depending on the stage of ripening.
Orange juice is a widely consumed health drink across the globe and even the whole fruit is equally popular. The peel is used as an aromatic agent in desserts and even in cosmetics for its skin-tightening properties.
Grapes are one of the most widely grown types of fruits in the world, chiefly for the making of different wines. They belong to the vitaceae and known to be one of the oldest cultivated plants in the history of mankind. The fruits grow as clusters on vines and are usually sweet, sour or tangy. They can either be round or oval in shape and come as both seeded and seedless varieties. The commonly available colors of grapes are green, red and purple, which are consumed as whole fruits, in the form of juices or as fermented versions (wines).
Pineapple is another popular type of fruit grown is many tropical countries and is originally from South America. Each pineapple is grown from many unpollinated flowers of the plant, making it a multiple fruit. Although the plant is perennial, it produces only fruit per season and after it is cut, the side shoots around the base are cultivated for future produce. The sharp, spiky outer skin and the “Crown” are inedible. Once chopped, the inner flesh can be consumed in the form of juice or cut fruit.
Strawberry is a luscious, red fruit grown on plants belonging to the Rose or Rosaceae family. Technically, strawberry is not a berry, as the seeds are grown on the outside and don’t come from a single ovary. An average-sized strawberry has about 200 seeds on its outer surface and are quite edible. The peak cultivating season is spring, during which strawberries are handpicked and stored in boxes. They are highly perishable kinds of fruits and require delicate handling. The taste of the fruit depends on the weather conditions and the stage of ripening.
李子是核果或核果属于李属。有近40多种水果在这个品种，但流行的是 - 红色和深紫色的李子，其中有甜美多汁的肉里面。它们生长在小乔木或灌木，其中一些需要另一个李子树旁边被种植的农产品水果。除了南极洲，几乎每一个国家培养了地方品种的李子和温带理想增长。
Lychee or Litchi belongs to the soapberry family and is the only member in the Litchi genus. It is an aromatic fruit variety that grows in clusters of 2 to 30 numbers in each. Lychee has a rough, red-colored outer skin that resembles a strawberry skin and is easy to peel off. Inside the cover is a white, jelly-like flesh that is filled with sweet juice. The core has a black seed that is not edible and with hybridization, the size has shrunk drastically. Litchi is consumed as a whole fruit or in the form of juice.
A Grapefruit is a tropical fruit that belongs to the citrus varieties of fruits like orange and lime. It is a round, medium-sized fruit that contains reddish-pink pulp, which can taste anywhere between bitter, sour or mildly sweet. The word ‘Grapefruit’ is derived from the way they grow like clusters of grapes. This delicious fruit is loaded with nutrients like Vitamin C and is usually had for breakfast in many countries. It is consumed either in the form of juice or as deseeded segments.
樱桃是属于家庭的樱桃水果品种为核果水果。有两种主要类型的樱桃商业化种植 - 的酸樱桃和甜樱桃。所述酸樱桃用于烹饪和有味道tarty由于高酸性的内容。甜樱桃在许多国家，他们在那里有一个整体或果汁的形式非常流行。樱桃只有在寒冷的气候和生长在热带地区无法生存。
Blueberries are small, round berries that get their name from the bluish, purple skin. They belong to the genus of Vaccinium which has members like cranberry, huckleberry etc. Blueberries are native to Northern America and grow on small shrubs. Each berry has a size of 5-16 mm, with a crown on top and a flat base. When ripened, the berries taste very sweet with mild acidity. The harvest time is between May to August and Peru is the largest exporter of these fruits worldwide.
Blackberry is one of the edible fruits that belong to the family of Rosaceae. They grow in temperate regions of countries like Asia, America and Europe. Each fruit is made of a cluster of tiny drupe fruits that contain a small edible seed inside. Compared to the other types of fruits in the family, Blackberries have low fructose level and offer many key nutrients to the body. They can consumed as whole fruits or as juice.
杏是李属家庭的成员之一or the family of drupe fruits. These sweet, edible fruits have a yellow or reddish-orange shade on the outside and inside is a yellow-colored flesh. The stone or the seed present inside is highly toxic and must be discarded. Each fruit typically grows to a 3 cm to 8 cm in length, depending on the variety. Dried Apricots, called Prunes are highly nutritious and excellent sources of iron.
Dragon fruit, also called Pitaya belongs to the cactus family and is native to America. It has a vibrant pink colored skin with a leathery texture and scaly spikes on the surface. Inside this elliptical fruit is a white-coloured flesh that has mild sweet or sour taste and tiny black seeds that look like dots. The physical appearance resembles that of a Kiwi, but the flavour profile is different. This fruit is consumed in raw form, as cut fruit, juice or in the form of sorbets.
Avocadoes are usually categorized as vegetables, but in technical terms, they are fruits. They belong to the family of Lauraceae and are native to Mexico. Each fruit typically has a green to black colored, rough outer skin, depending on the stage of ripening. Inside, the flesh is light greenish or mild yellow with a buttery consistency. Guacamole is a popular dish made with Avocado and the other forms of consuming this fruit include salads and smoothies.
Another popular type of fruit in the Prunus family is the Peach. It is grown in temperate regions and requires warmer weather to survive. Peach grows from a single ovary and has a reddish, yellow outer cover. The inside flesh is very aromatic and has a white or yellow color. The center stone is inedible and has the pulp firmly attached to it. While peaches have fuzzy skin, the smooth-skinned varieties are called Nectrines. These fruits are often consumed as a whole or in the form of juice.