水果是大自然的馈赠丰富人类之一。他们是多汁,美味,充满营养的善良,帮助我们享受健康快乐的生活。关于这个食品组有趣的部分?有许多类型的水果有各种形状,大小和口味胳肢我们的味蕾和改善我们的身体和心理健康的。

在这篇文章中,我们将深入钻研不同种类的水果,它们的性质和全世界25种最普遍食用的水果的主题。拿到之前,你准备水槽你的牙齿到这些美味的零食,你必须阅读这些有趣的事实,更欣赏这些不起眼的水果!

什么是果?

A fruit is a product of the tree that bears seeds and is consumed as a food for its sweet, edible flesh. They can be eaten in a raw form as a whole or cooked into a stew, juiced, diced or even dried and frozen forms. Technically, even avocadoes, tomatoes, cucumbers, squash and other sweet-tasting vegetables can also be treated as fruits.

什么是水果的不同类型的?

Fruits are divided into groups depending on the number of ovaries they have developed from. Here are some of the major classification of fruits to know about:

Simple Fruits:

简单的水果是那些从单子房或花的雌蕊一个发展。它们被进一步分为干性和肉质,在那里干水果可开裂或者不裂和肉质的人可以半果皮或完整。

  • Examples of simple fruits include fleshy fruits like apples, cherries, plums or dry ones like hazelnuts, walnuts etc.

Aggregate Fruits:

这些类型的水果是从一花独放的多卵巢发展。他们被分为滤泡,瘦果,核果,浆果和也称复果。

  • 例如:释迦,覆盆子,黑莓等。

复果:

这些水果是从花型,其合并成为一个大果集群发展。

  • 例子:菠萝,面包果,无花果,桑等

Accessory Fruits:

附件水果也被称为伪水果或水果假,因为肉可食用不仅从卵巢花的发展,但也从位于靠近心皮非卵巢组织。

  • Examples: Strawberry, Fig, Apple, Stone Fruit etc.

What are the Various Categories Of Fruits?

In the above section, you have learnt about the types of fruits divided based on their formation, let us now understand the categorization of fruits based on the physical structure and the seeds.

Achene:

It is a simple, dry indehiscent fruit that is developed from a single ovary and has a thin and closed wall around the single seed.

  • 例如:草莓,向日葵籽(实际可食用部分是一种水果),荞麦等

浆果:

It is a fleshy fruit that contains many seeds inside and a soft or hard covering on the outside.

  • Examples: Kiwi, Watermelon, Cranberries, Passion Fruit, Grapes, Papaya, Bananas and Tomatoes

颖果:

It is a type of fruit that is seen in cereals and grasses and is a dry, single fruit in which the ovary wall joins the outer seed coating.

  • 例如:玉米,大米,大麦,黑麦,燕麦等百草

Drupe:

也叫石果,这各种各样的水果属于不开裂的类型。它有一个硬坑含有存在于内部的种子和由在外部具有柔软,肉质质量包围。

  • Examples: Peach, Cherry, Coconut, Mango, Plum, Olive etc.

Legume:

豆科植物是一种干燥,开裂果实是通常长在大小和内部包含许多种子。当果实沿着两条缝垂直分割这些种子被释放。

  • 例如:豌豆,蚕豆,罗望子和花生

坚果:

螺母在技术上是一个干杂果,具有坚硬,木质的外覆盖层和一般不能食用。这里面壳是一种可食用的,单一的种子。

  • 例如:栗子,榛子,橡子和山毛榉

的水果吃,我们及其特性的25种不同类型的列表:

After that dose of botanical knowledge, we wanted to give you an insight into the characteristic properties of some of the common kinds of fruits with pictures and names:

1.苹果:

Among the many fruit categories, apples top the charts in terms of popularity. An Apple is a juicy and edible fruit of the apple tree, scientifically called the Malus Domestica. It has its roots in Central Asia and now spread to many countries that cultivate many varieties of apples. These are grown from flowers and have multiple seeds inside them, which are the only inedible parts of the fruit.

苹果的尺寸从直径不同的颜色,如黄色2到4英寸变化,红色和在市场上的绿色可供选择。根据水果的酸度,苹果有甜酸味。他们被消耗掉整个水果,切水果,果汁,馅饼等甜品。

2.香蕉:

香蕉是热带水果,以其营养tional goodness. It belongs to the Musaceae family and is botanically a berry, due to multiple seeds inside it. The fruit comes with an outer cover, which when peeled reveals a mushy, white flesh. Both the ripe and unripe varieties of fruits are edible, with sweet and starchy-tart tastes respectively.

香蕉可以很容易地在大多数国家也是世界上廉价的水果之一。它们被用于制造芯片,奶昔,蛋糕等美味佳肴。

3.芒果:

芒果,有“水果之王”是核果水果,生长在热带地区。它黄色的彩色扑鼻纸浆,具有独特的风味和香味。芒果属于漆树科的家庭,只能在夏天。根据不同品种,形状,颜色,纸浆和味道的质地显着变化。未成熟的芒果很酸和果实成熟,糖水平上升增加甜味。芒果含有丰富的维生素C,抗氧化剂和其他关键营养素,使之成为最营养种地球上的水果之一。

4.橙色:

Orange is a citrus fruit that is loaded with nutrients like Vitamin C. They are round in shape, with a greenish to orange color leathery, outer skin. When this layer is peeled, the fruit reveals small bean-shaped segments that have thin skins, juicy pulp and bitter seeds. It has a sour to sweet and tangy taste, depending on the stage of ripening.

Orange juice is a widely consumed health drink across the globe and even the whole fruit is equally popular. The peel is used as an aromatic agent in desserts and even in cosmetics for its skin-tightening properties.

5.木瓜:

木瓜是另一种热带水果是原产于墨西哥和中美洲。木瓜的学名是番木瓜,也被称为波波。这是一个相当大的规模的水果,橙色的甜浆和许多微小的,黑色种子里面。木瓜果实通常呈圆柱形,大小可以超越20英寸。这些所谓的“异国情调”类型的水果,现在常见于炎热的国家,如印度。随着糊状的,成熟的,未成熟的木瓜也消耗沙拉和咖喱的形式。

6. Watermelon:

西瓜是夏季流行的水果,现在可以享受全年,由于杂交。它属于葫芦科,并生长在通常爬在地面上的藤蔓。大尺寸的水果是在形状上用硬,带绿色的外覆盖件,果皮称为并用微小的,黑色的内部种子红色,多汁通常椭圆形。西瓜是由92%的水和显著大量的维生素和抗氧化剂。它可以有一个切水果或果汁清爽的形式。

7. Kiwi:

猕猴桃,也被称为中国的猕猴桃原本是从只新西兰。它属于家庭猕猴桃的且具有模糊,棕色的外壳,类似于一个奇异鸟的羽毛褐色。内部由包含许多黑色种子半透明的绿色肉。这果肉甘甜微酸性,根据不同的成熟期。

关于猕猴桃另一个令人惊讶的事实是,大约有50个品种这种水果在世界各地越来越大,这有不同的颜色,特性和风味。它们之间的流行是无籽猕猴桃,猕猴桃光滑,褐色,红色的皮肤猕猴桃,金黄色猕猴桃等。

8. Grapes:

Grapes are one of the most widely grown types of fruits in the world, chiefly for the making of different wines. They belong to the vitaceae and known to be one of the oldest cultivated plants in the history of mankind. The fruits grow as clusters on vines and are usually sweet, sour or tangy. They can either be round or oval in shape and come as both seeded and seedless varieties. The commonly available colors of grapes are green, red and purple, which are consumed as whole fruits, in the form of juices or as fermented versions (wines).

9.番石榴:

番石榴是一种热带水果品种的是原产于墨西哥,中美洲和其他气候温暖的国家。常见的番石榴生长在属于桃金娘科,有两种粉红色或白色的肉了一棵小树。外皮是苦味和厚,深绿色的新鲜水果和果实成熟,苦味消退。里面,有一个甜或酸味果肉含有微小的,可食用的种子。番石榴汁,切水果,全果的形式消耗掉,也随着鸡尾酒精神融入它。

10. Pineapple:

Pineapple is another popular type of fruit grown is many tropical countries and is originally from South America. Each pineapple is grown from many unpollinated flowers of the plant, making it a multiple fruit. Although the plant is perennial, it produces only fruit per season and after it is cut, the side shoots around the base are cultivated for future produce. The sharp, spiky outer skin and the “Crown” are inedible. Once chopped, the inner flesh can be consumed in the form of juice or cut fruit.

11.草莓:

Strawberry is a luscious, red fruit grown on plants belonging to the Rose or Rosaceae family. Technically, strawberry is not a berry, as the seeds are grown on the outside and don’t come from a single ovary. An average-sized strawberry has about 200 seeds on its outer surface and are quite edible. The peak cultivating season is spring, during which strawberries are handpicked and stored in boxes. They are highly perishable kinds of fruits and require delicate handling. The taste of the fruit depends on the weather conditions and the stage of ripening.

12. Plum:

李子是核果或核果属于李属。有近40多种水果在这个品种,但流行的是 - 红色和深紫色的李子,其中有甜美多汁的肉里面。它们生长在小乔木或灌木,其中一些需要另一个李子树旁边被种植的农产品水果。除了南极洲,几乎每一个国家培养了地方品种的李子和温带理想增长。

13.梨:

梨形是另一种甜味的水果,来自于蔷薇科。这也是最古老的栽培种在世界的水果之一,被认为是古希腊人的“从神的礼物”。梨树被中型和通常温和的温带国家,如欧洲,亚洲和北非的增长。这些水果的内肉含有可食用种子称为石细胞和外蒙皮是略微粗糙质地。大约有3000个品种梨的,这有不同的大小,形状,颜色和口味。

14. Melon:

这个词冬瓜是指多种水果属于葫芦科。有超过30种不同类型的世界不同地区栽培瓜的并且在尺寸,质地,颜色,形状和风味曲线而变化。其中广受欢迎的有西瓜,casaba,香瓜,蜜瓜等夕张甜瓜王,即只生长在一个小城镇的日本是世界上最昂贵的瓜。瓜类具有含水量高,汁多,味甜或中性味道的纸浆和大量的种子在里面,使它们在植物学方面的浆果。

15.荔枝:

Lychee or Litchi belongs to the soapberry family and is the only member in the Litchi genus. It is an aromatic fruit variety that grows in clusters of 2 to 30 numbers in each. Lychee has a rough, red-colored outer skin that resembles a strawberry skin and is easy to peel off. Inside the cover is a white, jelly-like flesh that is filled with sweet juice. The core has a black seed that is not edible and with hybridization, the size has shrunk drastically. Litchi is consumed as a whole fruit or in the form of juice.

16.菠萝蜜:

菠萝蜜是最大的品种,在世界上的水果之一,在热带国家,如印度种植。平均菠萝蜜可以达到高达2英尺长度和重量15-18kgs。外皮是高低不平且很难去除。一旦它是狭缝打开时,水果的内部具有种子的多个灯泡拉丝芯。随着灯泡,种子和甚至外皮(当嫩)可以在烹饪后食用。近年来,原材料菠萝蜜作为肉类替代成分,因为其相似的纹理和拉猪肉的味道。

17. Grapefruit:

A Grapefruit is a tropical fruit that belongs to the citrus varieties of fruits like orange and lime. It is a round, medium-sized fruit that contains reddish-pink pulp, which can taste anywhere between bitter, sour or mildly sweet. The word ‘Grapefruit’ is derived from the way they grow like clusters of grapes. This delicious fruit is loaded with nutrients like Vitamin C and is usually had for breakfast in many countries. It is consumed either in the form of juice or as deseeded segments.

18.樱桃:

樱桃是属于家庭的樱桃水果品种为核果水果。有两种主要类型的樱桃商业化种植 - 的酸樱桃和甜樱桃。所述酸樱桃用于烹饪和有味道tarty由于高酸性的内容。甜樱桃在许多国家,他们在那里有一个整体或果汁的形式非常流行。樱桃只有在寒冷的气候和生长在热带地区无法生存。

19.蓝莓:

Blueberries are small, round berries that get their name from the bluish, purple skin. They belong to the genus of Vaccinium which has members like cranberry, huckleberry etc. Blueberries are native to Northern America and grow on small shrubs. Each berry has a size of 5-16 mm, with a crown on top and a flat base. When ripened, the berries taste very sweet with mild acidity. The harvest time is between May to August and Peru is the largest exporter of these fruits worldwide.

20. Blackberry:

Blackberry is one of the edible fruits that belong to the family of Rosaceae. They grow in temperate regions of countries like Asia, America and Europe. Each fruit is made of a cluster of tiny drupe fruits that contain a small edible seed inside. Compared to the other types of fruits in the family, Blackberries have low fructose level and offer many key nutrients to the body. They can consumed as whole fruits or as juice.

21. Apricot:

杏是李属家庭的成员之一or the family of drupe fruits. These sweet, edible fruits have a yellow or reddish-orange shade on the outside and inside is a yellow-colored flesh. The stone or the seed present inside is highly toxic and must be discarded. Each fruit typically grows to a 3 cm to 8 cm in length, depending on the variety. Dried Apricots, called Prunes are highly nutritious and excellent sources of iron.

22.火龙果:

Dragon fruit, also called Pitaya belongs to the cactus family and is native to America. It has a vibrant pink colored skin with a leathery texture and scaly spikes on the surface. Inside this elliptical fruit is a white-coloured flesh that has mild sweet or sour taste and tiny black seeds that look like dots. The physical appearance resembles that of a Kiwi, but the flavour profile is different. This fruit is consumed in raw form, as cut fruit, juice or in the form of sorbets.

23. Avocado:

Avocadoes are usually categorized as vegetables, but in technical terms, they are fruits. They belong to the family of Lauraceae and are native to Mexico. Each fruit typically has a green to black colored, rough outer skin, depending on the stage of ripening. Inside, the flesh is light greenish or mild yellow with a buttery consistency. Guacamole is a popular dish made with Avocado and the other forms of consuming this fruit include salads and smoothies.

24. Peach:

Another popular type of fruit in the Prunus family is the Peach. It is grown in temperate regions and requires warmer weather to survive. Peach grows from a single ovary and has a reddish, yellow outer cover. The inside flesh is very aromatic and has a white or yellow color. The center stone is inedible and has the pulp firmly attached to it. While peaches have fuzzy skin, the smooth-skinned varieties are called Nectrines. These fruits are often consumed as a whole or in the form of juice.

25.百香果:

百香果是装载了维生素A和维生素C.香,热带水果有超过一百种的这个品种在世界不同地区种植的水果。其中,黄色和紫色品种种植用于商业目的。百香果是圆到椭圆形的形状,并且具有的直径为约4至8英寸。当韧外壳是狭缝,内部有一个浅黄色或橙色浆与许多深色可食用种子。

所以,这是关于一些种类很多为我们所知水果的!有很多这样有趣的水果进来独特的形状,大小和口味,与提供的健康益处cartload我们一起。一定要享受他们在高峰收获季节,欣赏大自然的奥妙!

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