如果您是音乐爱好者,则必须知道鼓和打击乐的世界是巨大的。随着时间的流逝,鼓的世界经历了几种变体。在现代,我们最终获得了数百种不同类型的鼓,尤其是在打击乐类别中。许多文化都有独特的乐器。但是,如果您想知道那里有多少种鼓,那么本文会引导您了解一些知名的鼓,并为您的音乐旅程添加新的声音和乐器。阅读!

What is Drum? & it’s history:

A drum is an instrument that creates sound by striking a stretched membrane with some object, usually a stick. The first appearance of drums goes as long as 6000 BC. They played an essential role in religious ceremonies, celebrations, and societal life in many cultures.

Drums consist of a membrane stretched over the end of the drum, a tuning key or pegs that help you tighten or loosen the membrane to achieve different tones, and a hollowed-out piece called the body. The membrane and its vibration create the sound when struck, while most may think that body of the drum produces the sound.

世界上的鼓主要类别:

Here are the main categories of drums available in the world. Let us go through them to know the details:

鼓组:

Generally used in almost every genre of popular music, Acoustic drum kits are very diverse and don’t require any extra amplification. Varying between each musician’s setup determines the size and configuration of the drum set. Here are some of the famous drum sets:

  • 电源/岩石套件。
  • 融合套件。
  • 爵士套件。
  • 虚拟和电子鼓套件。
  • 辅助鼓套件。

鼓:

古巴,中国和非洲是一些长期以来一直在使用手鼓的国家。这些乐器是手工演奏的,因此名称。但是,也可以使用Tippers或Mallets玩它们。一些手鼓是:

  • 康加斯。
  • Bongos。
  • tabla。
  • Cajon.

框架鼓:

鼓头宽度比其深度更重要的鼓被称为框架鼓。它是发明的第一批乐器之一,是古老的乐器之一。某些框架鼓的示例是:

  • Pandeiro。
  • 手提琴。
  • 菩兰。
  • Goblet Drums.

非洲鼓:

非洲鼓是非洲传统的重要组成部分,它已经庆祝了他们的文化几个世纪。鼓在政治活动和仪式中象征性地使用,与西方文化一样,与娱乐不同。

  • Djembe。
  • 说话鼓。
  • Udu。

Marching band drums:

Drums provide tempo and voice for the entire ensemble and are a fundamental part of any marching band. A harness is used to securely mount each drum to the musician, and each drum’s function depends on its specific shape. Some of the marching band drums are:

  • 进军。
  • Multi-tenor.
  • 低音鼓。
  • 前合奏。

See More:图像的乐器类型

带有图像的不同类型的鼓:

We have curated the list of all the types of drums in detail. Let us go through them thoroughly:

1. Bass drums:

低音鼓是打击鼓的类型,是鼓组中最大的,称为踢鼓。低音鼓对于乐队中演奏的任何歌曲都至关重要,并且直径为20至24英寸。这是通过在AFOT的帮助下在低音鼓中演奏踏板来实现的。与行进频带中存在的所有乐器相比,低音鼓产生最低,蓬勃发展的音符,因为它的直径较宽,深度很大。

坚固的肩带由于其尺寸而支撑低音鼓的重量。柔软的槌是音乐家的首选,这些音乐家会产生光滑,低和强大的音符。有趣的是,可以在市场上提供倾斜的游行鼓,可以调整以与乐队的其他乐器相匹配。

2.地板汤姆:

地板汤姆是一种音乐鼓,在任何鼓组中都是必备的。地板汤姆(Tom)是仅次于鼓组的低音鼓的第二大。汤姆(Tom)的地板粘附在一个c架上,并由三个小腿支撑。地板汤姆的直径从14到16英寸不等,它发出蓬勃发展的声音。木材是汤姆(Tom)建筑中使用的最喜欢的材料。尽管如此,还使用钢,丙烯酸和玻璃纤维。听起来有些类似于低音鼓,这是爵士乐和时髦音乐的绝佳选择。

3. Bodhran鼓:

鼓品种从爱尔兰凯尔特根源called the Bodhran drum. The original builders of this drum used goatskin and wood. However, the Bodhan drums have recently been built with plastics and artificial skin. This drum has a shell between 4 to 8 inches deep and measures 12 to 24 inches in diameter.

Bodhran鼓允许鼓手控制每次击球的动力学,因为它仅在一侧都有皮肤。音乐家可以将他们的手移到菩萨,以控制音高并改变鼓的声音。您可以使用横梁和十六进制钥匙来拧紧或松开皮肤以调整菩萨鼓。

4. Timpani鼓:

Timpani Drum目前使用的是乐团音乐的重要组成部分,它演变为在全球古典音乐和乐团中使用,尽管它曾经是军事鼓乐团的一部分。鼓的头伸到一个大铜碗上。但是,铝制或玻璃纤维也用于制作该鼓,并使用踏板来调整这些类型的鼓。这些鼓最常用于两个或四个巨大的鼓组中。

Timpani播放器将不得不调整Timps以适合歌曲的钥匙,因为这些鼓会产生旋律的音调。玩家可以通过踩下踏板来拧紧或松开鼓的皮肤。Timpani鼓会发出吼叫的低音音调,一旦Timps调高,它就在许多构图中都是标志性的。

5. Djembe非洲鼓:

非洲djembe鼓是起源于西非的一种部落鼓。但是,它的受欢迎程度已在整个非洲其他地区都得到了很大的广泛影响。Djembe鼓创造出各种各样的美丽声音,使其在其他鼓中脱颖而出。金沙真人探球平台这些鼓的表面是用动物皮肤制成的,并用绳索调节。击中此鼓的边缘,声音类似于圈套鼓的边缘,您会从鼓的中心获得深度的音调。

坐着或站立时可以播放djembes,尽管它们打算在您的双腿之间保持。传统的非洲音乐使用这些鼓和鼓圈。但是,鼓公司并非有几个djembes可以在鼓钥匙的帮助下进行调整。

6. Hang Drums:

吊鼓是最近发明的,也称为手锅。它是一种钢锅,可以通过在其不同部位上轻拍手指来产生特定的音调。该鼓是一种非常通用的仪器,可以有效地发挥任何比例。如果您想用不同的钥匙播放歌曲,则需要许多此类鼓声,它们的声音几乎是空灵。要从吊鼓中产生音调,您必须将它们放在腿上。打击乐爱好者通常拥有这种类型的钢鼓,因为它们是昂贵的。

See More:世界各地的笛子类型

7.进军鼓:

一个行进鼓是乐队中发现的一种鼓。行进鼓声比典型的军鼓更深,因为它可以提供更大的声音并带来更多的紧张感。进军鼓是不同的,并且使用两根棍子演奏它们,尽管它们看起来与鼓工具包上的棍子相似。

The skin of the marching sare drum is made from tough Kevlar material, which is a lot deeper than a standard version. This strong material provides a loud, bullet-like, piercing hit because the drum can withstand high tensions. Two drum sticks are used to perform drum rolls and solos to play a single snare.

8. Bongos:

Bongos are the small drum types with African and Cuban roots and are percussion instruments. Two small open-bottomed drums connected with a strip of wood are the descriptive look of these drums, though one is bigger than the other. The diameter of bongo drums is eight to 10 inches in diameter and eight inches in height.

您可以通过将它们安装在架子上或坐在腿上坐在腿上来播放Bongos站起来。Bongos的声音类似于圈圈边缘,这是一种高音攻击的音调。这些小型鼓非常适合保持节奏和古巴音乐的完美补充。

9.康卡斯:

康加鼓是起源于古巴的手鼓类型,看起来与桶相似。康加斯通常在非洲古巴音乐中使用,如今在拉丁音乐中很受欢迎。这些鼓需要一个支架,让鼓手舒适地演奏它们并有硬木外壳。因此经常在两人组中发现,康加斯是一些打击乐者使用的鼓,而有些人只使用一个鼓。Conga鼓会产生深度且温暖的低音音调,这些鼓与Bongos结合使用。

10. Tabla Drum:

tabladrums are the types of Indian drums that can be heard in Indian classical music. These drums have a cylindrical shape with animal skin covering their tops, and they come in pairs. Brass metal is used to make the more significant Tabla drum. The female drum produces a tenor tone, and the male drum has a bass tone.

Indian music uses these drums in many variations and is often recognized with the combination of another instrument Sitar. You need to sit cross-legged and use your fingers and palms by hitting the skins to play the tabla. The player can bring out different sounds with different techniques.

11. Electronic Drums:

完全从计算机上或现有的声鼓从刮擦中产生的声音产生了来自不同类型的电子鼓的合成声音。电子鼓套件是电子鼓的最受欢迎形式,是响亮的声鼓套件的理想选择。现在,许多鼓手使用电子鼓工具套件技术作为鼓套件设置的主要选择,因为它们随着时间的推移大大改善。

Electronic drum pads are other types of electronic drums that allow you to run entire live sets, create samples, produce synth sounds, and run backing tracks. Mixing electronic drums and acoustic drums by drummers is called Hybrid drumming, which is popular in modern music like pop.

See More:吉他的类型及其名字

Interesting Facts about Drums:

Here are some unique facts about different types of drums that you might find interesting:

  • 真正的鼓是由用动物皮肤制成的膜制成的,尽管最初,自然物体被打击以发出声音。
  • 在早期,需要多个人来控制乐团中的鼓。但是鼓组的当前配置是在20世纪初完成的。
  • 自1920年代以来,创建较软的鼓声的刷子已用于鼓声。
  • Many bands are famous globally for their drummers and singers, and composers.
  • Soot pedal for tarp drums made Ludwing a famous drum manufacturer.
  • During the 1930s, the modern shape of the drum kit was formed.
  • There are five pieces called a bass drum, snare drum, two toms and floor toms in an average drum set.
  • 鼓练习仅在12世纪的十字军东征之后才进入欧洲,尽管它们被广泛用于军队。
  • In India and Africa, long-range communication between villages was done with drums’ help.
  • You can lower stress hormones in your body by playing the drums recreationally.

因此,这些是您在音乐界中遇到的最常见的鼓类型。尽管我们列出了著名的鼓,但世界上还有更多类型的鼓,但不可能列出所有鼓。我们希望本文可以帮助您识别主要的鼓以及如何识别鼓。如果您发现这篇文章有帮助,请不要忘记让我们知道!

免责声明:The information we have provided in this article is based on pure research. The website is not responsible for the authenticity and accuracy of the information.

常见问题解答:

1. Are the drums available globally only round?

尽管全球可用的大多数鼓都是圆形的,但有些鼓是非回合的。一些非转鼓的例子是:

  • Cajon.
  • 戈姆。
  • Pamderojarocho。

2. What are the common materials used in manufacturing different types of drums?

The head of a drum was always manufactured with animal skin until the late 1950s. But plastic is used almost always in the manufacture of modern heads.

关于Yashasvi

Yashasvi自从安得拉大学(Andhra University),维萨卡帕特南(Visakhapatnam)完成了大众传播和新闻业的硕士课程以来,对写作产生了深厚的热情,并选择了一个受创造力驱动的职业。她是一位育儿专家,他相信以个人风格有效地交流,她写了关于怀孕,婴儿护理,生活方式以及其他任何事情的文章。
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