问我们是什么让现代基础设施的发展可能和我们说,毫无疑问 - 水泥!从砖结合加强混凝土,水泥是建筑,道路和其他砖和电机创作的建设的重要组成部分。如果您认为这种材料采用的是一个尺寸适合所有的版本,你错了!它的时间来了解市场上现有的许多类型的水泥,以满足不同的施工目的。

These varieties of cement vary with quality, technology, composition and objectives to achieve in the building sites. While some are used for general masonry works, the others are chosen for decorative purposes. In this article, we shall explore the various cement types and uses available in the current market.

What is Cement and its History?





Cements are broadly classified into two categories – Hydraulic and Non-Hydraulic, depending on how they react to the presence of water.






Made with lime, gypsum, and oxychloride, these cements cannot be used for water-related constructions and strictly reserved for indoor purposes to achieve structural strength.

15 Different Types of Cement and Their Applications:



The Ordinary Portland Cement or OPC falls under the hydraulic category and is obtained by heating the Argillaceous (clay and shale) and Calcareous (limestone, chalk and marl) in very high temperatures, called the Calcination process. The end product is called the Clinker, which is then pulverized into a fine powder and then mixed with Calcium Sulfate and Gypsum to make cement.

  • 这是用于一般建筑用途水泥的最常见的类型。
  • 它容易与水发生反应,具有快干品质
  • 水泥进来50公斤塑料袋

2. Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC):

The main component of this cement is Pozzolona, which includes materials like fly ash, volcanic ash or calcined clay. This cement is prepared in two ways – one by grinding the Pozzolanic clinker with ordinary Portland Cement or adding Pozzolana with gypsum or calcium sulfate. Another method is to blend the Portland cement with powdered Pozzolana. It is highly resistant to chemical attacks and is falls under the Hydraulic cement types.

  • 适合的海洋结构中,预铸污水通道,水坝等
  • 可用于创建具体的艺术作品,因为它带来了一个光滑,光泽
  • It is available as 50 kgs sack bags in the current Indian market

3. Rapid Hardening Cement:

网站需求更快的建设更少er time window, rapid hardening cement is the best choice. As the name suggests, it sets in just 30 seconds initially and 600 minutes as the final setting time. The secret to this strength lies in its formula that contains a higher percentage of Tri-Calcium Silicate than a regular Portland Cement. This cement needs 3 days to completely develop or harden compared to a 7-day window of a conventional OPC.

  • Can be used for road repair works, pavements and pre-fabricated constructions
  • Not recommended for mass construction sites, as the risk of developing cracks is very high
  • It is a high strength, hydraulic cement
  • 可在25公斤和50公斤袋


This cement gets its name from its quick setting properties. It sets quickly in just 5 minutes, with 30 minutes as the final setting time. The cement constitutes of a ratio of Clinker and Aluminium Sulphate to increase the hydration rate. The difference between a Quick Setting cement and a Rapid Hardening Cement is that the former only sets quickly, while the latter develops and hardens fast.

  • Can be used in humid weather conditions and underwater constructions
  • 一般来说,在高温环境中使用的水分蒸发快
  • Is available in 25kg, 40kg and 50kg bags

5. Low Heat Cement:


  • 使用像水坝,桥梁,大板,化工厂等质量建筑工地,
  • 相比于常规的OPC活性较低的水泥,并具有更高的设置时间



  • 理想的蓄水井和排水工程
  • 它陷入液压水泥类

7. High Alumina Cement:


  • 这种水泥具有很高的抗压强度,是耐火,使其适合大型建筑。
  • Suitable for building sites subjected to extreme weather conditions like high temperatures or frost.


This is a white colored cement that is made by reducing the proportions of iron oxide and manganese oxide. While the other properties remain similar to that of ordinary cement, the expensive pricing makes it unsuitable for full construction. White cement is typically used as a grout to set the tiles on the flooring, in swimming pools and other interior and exterior decorative works.

  • 它在表面上留下一个光滑的光洁度,因此被用作整平剂产品
  • 现今的白色水泥具有耐水性能

9. Coloured Cement:


  • 如果颜料超过10%,水泥的强度损失。所以,这一比例是非常重要的



  • This cement can withstand sulphate attacks
  • 这不是一个高强度水泥,是专为只使用空间


This cement expands in volume, when mixed with water compared to an ordinary Portland Cement. By doing so, the cement helps in minimizing the shrinkage loss caused due to loss of moisture. There are three subtypes of expansive cement, namely- K type, M Type and S type. These differ from each other in terms of raw materials and the intent of the application.

  • 它主要用于降低裂缝的风险混凝土结构和人行道
  • 不建议膨胀水泥与粉煤灰和其他火山灰一起使用,因为它们可以与扩大特性和强度干扰。

12. Hydrographic Cement:

This cement has water-repelling properties to avoid the loss of cement in areas affected with frequent water contact. The regular Portland Clinker is mixed with Oleic acid or other water repellants to form a thin film on the cement surface. Because of this, the cement cannot be mixed with water directly. Instead, it is blended with an aggregate to break the protective layer and allow the hydration process.

  • 水文水泥用于建造水坝和水下结构
  • 它是专为高降雨量的地区,以尽量减少对混凝土结构中的损坏



  • 它主要用于在需要高耐热性和预制混凝土现成和建筑结构



  • Used for waterproofing the terrace flooring, water tanks and submerged sumps
  • 它陷入液压水泥类



  • 这是非常耐用冻融条件
  • 具有非常低的氯渗透性和高耐磨损性相比其它水泥