怀孕期间的痉挛对许多女性来说都是一个很常见的事情。随着妇女在这一阶段经历了几个身体的变化,怀孕期间的腿部痉挛可能是许多人的关注。它们可能是痛苦的,许多人也可能需要注意这些痉挛来获得一些救济。然而,困难的这些都可以得到,我们在怀孕期间有关于腿部痉挛的所有问题以及与它相关的担忧 - 只是为了帮助你。

几个期待母亲面临腿部痉挛和怀孕在这个阶段,这里是人们应该了解的一切。从,是什么导致腿部痉挛如何防止他们和补救照顾他们,我们拥有一切!让我们今天学会他们所有人。

什么是腿部痉挛,什么时候开始?

Leg cramps in pregnancy are involuntary contractions in the calf and foot muscles or both, and these are pretty common during pregnancy. The spasms of leg cramps can radiate up and down your calves during the day, but they’re usually more prominent at night. It is when fatigue, fluid accumulation, and retention are at the peak. Leg cramps while pregnant are especially common after the second trimester of pregnancy, when there is weight gain due to pregnancy, increased swelling due to changes in blood circulation, and overall fatigue are on the rise.

They may get worse as your pregnancy progresses and your belly gets bigger. The cramps are experienced mainly during nighttime. However, one might also experience cramps during the day. The excruciating pain of the leg cramps can make it difficult for you to sleep at night and work during the day. According to studies, around half per cent of all pregnant women experience leg cramps in the journey (1).

查看更多:痉挛In Pregnancy

怀孕期间腿部抽筋的原因:

怀孕期间腿部抽筋的确切原因和原因尚不清楚。尽管如此,人们还是猜测痉挛是如何由身体变化、怀孕过程中体重变化、疲劳和血液循环改变引起的。

怀孕期间腿部抽筋最常见的原因如下:

1.血液循环变化:

怀孕期间血液循环过程减慢。身体的变化,迅速膨胀,体重增加,荷尔蒙的变化往往是血液循环过程变化背后的原因。由于这些变化,体内的血容量会增加,但血液循环会减慢。这会导致腿部抽筋,尤其是在妊娠中期和接近妊娠晚期时。

2.体重增加:

孕期增重相当平均;考虑到身体内部的生长,你也可以在体重秤上增加体重。体重的增加会影响你的神经、血管和静脉。在这段时间内,这会导致腿部抽筋。最常见的小贴士是保持活跃,少走几步,从抽筋中寻求一些缓解。

3. Dehydration:

我们大多数人经常不认真考虑成人,特别是孕妇的日常水摄入量。你知道,降低水摄入和脱水是否可以合理地导致腿部痉挛?尝试增加这一点,你也可以注意到改变。

4.血凝块:

你知道,孕妇容易发生深静脉血栓形成血栓,而不是非孕妇。是的,几项研究证明了同样的(2). 在这个阶段,这会导致严重到轻微的腿部抽筋,最简单的方法是再次保持活跃,继续运动。

5.疲劳:

Fatigue and body weakness can lead to pressure near muscles, in turn leading to leg cramps. This can be overcome by drinking enough water, light stretches and walks during the day.

6.钙和镁缺乏:

适当剂量的维生素,额外的钙和镁(3)补充剂可以减少痉挛和痛苦,包括不安。补充剂应根据医生给出的剂量,以满足身体要求,这与个人不同。研究总体研究,支持普通补充剂可以帮助痉挛(4).

怀孕期间如何治疗腿部痉挛:

据我们所知,到目前为止,腿抽筋在一些孕妇和准妈妈身上相当常见。但要管理好它们或每天都要经历痛苦并不是那么容易。当突然发作的腿部抽筋击中你,你可以做以下几点来缓解自己。

  • 拉直你的腿,轻轻弯曲你的脚踝,脚趾朝向你的胫骨。
  • 你可以尝试站在一个冷表面上,有时可以停止痉挛。
  • 按摩小腿和腿部肌肉以减轻收缩。
  • 散散步放松腿部肌肉。
  • Try using a hot water bottle or a heating pad to cure the cramps.
  • 如果什么都不起作用,去看医生或专家,因为这可能是一个凝血的情况。

查看更多:Having Periods During Pregnancy

如何在怀孕期间防止腿部痉挛?

It’s best to prevent and have pregnancy leg cramp relief when it hasn’t hit hard yet to try to deal with it in a sudden attack. Here are a few ways to prevent cramps.

1.有氧运动:

伸展运动可以很容易地阻止抽筋,甚至在抽筋发作之前。在你劳累了一天之后上床睡觉之前,把你的手放在离墙两英尺远的地方。脚后跟着地,身体前倾。保持这个姿势大约10秒钟,然后放松大约5秒钟。每晚睡前重复这个简单的练习三次。

2.姿势:

Have periods of rest every alternate period of activity, such as not to overwork your body. Put your feet up as often as you can when you’re seated.

3.服装:

在白天佩戴支撑软管以支持重量。在此时不要穿不舒服的衣服和服装。

4.补充水分:

Make sure you’re drinking enough fluids, at least eight glasses a day. Keep yourself hydrated and active. This can ease up and avoid leg cramps too.

5.适当的饮食:

吃一个均衡的饮食,包括许多钙,镁,维生素和矿物质。酸奶有许多健康益处。你可以在你的饮食中包含酸奶。香蕉也很受欢迎,因为它们具有高剂量的镁。采取批准和建议的维生素补充剂,以保证本质维生素和矿物质的消耗。采取良好的营养食品,以防止腿部痉挛在怀孕期间。

6.每天走:

除非你的医生有强烈的建议,否则每天短时间的散步将有助于你腿部的肌肉不打扰你晚上的睡眠。它能防止腿部肌肉收缩,防止夜间痉挛。这有助于全面控制怀孕期间的上下肢抽筋,包括腿部肌肉和足部抽筋。

7.温水浴:

You can try having a warm bath every night before hitting the bed to relax your muscles and relieve yourself from the long and tiring day. This will help fight leg cramps during pregnancy.

8.不要过度工作:

不要因为任何原因而太累。左侧躺下,改善腿部的血液循环。不要用家务活或其他体力活来给自己压力。

9.适当的鞋类:

选择舒适、支撑和实用的鞋子。这将是有益的,如果鞋与坚定的脚跟计数器是穿。鞋跟周围有助于将脚锁定在鞋内的部分称为鞋底。避免穿不合脚的高跟鞋和鞋子。

怀孕期间腿部痉挛的家庭疗法:

在怀孕过程中,以下简单的家庭疗程可以帮助寻求舒适的腿部痉挛。

A.拉伸:

The first and foremost leg cramps in pregnancy treatment include stretching. Like the prevention technique, you can also do stretching to seek relief from leg cramps. Stand facing the wall and place hands on the wall before you. Place your right foot back, heels on the floor, and bend your left knee slowly. Make sure your right leg is in a straight posture. Feel the stretch with the bend in calf muscles.

B.整体练习:

Just like stretching, regular little activities and exercise can help keep the body active for leg cramps during pregnancy. Whether it is yoga or walk, or swimming, it will significantly benefit your overall health and the baby. It also, in turn, promotes blood circulation, leads to a healthy weight, and relaxes your muscle cramps.

这又意味着,我们强调不要无所事事,无所事事。每天活动几个小时,倾听你的身体。不要做过多的运动或活动,但也不要闲坐。懂得节制,你就会身体健康。

C.保持水分:

如上所述,喝大量的水。在妊娠期间避免痉挛过程中的水合作用是不合适的。脱水会导致痉挛增加,良好的水合只能减少效果。

D. Massages:

Do a self-massage to ease the pain and cramps. Massage your calf and legs area, which gives pain for about 1 minute. You can alternatively also visit a therapist and pre-natal massage center for relief. This also can help to avoid and manage leg cramps at night during pregnancy.

E. Heat Application:

用热布或热袋加热肌肉和抽筋处。轻轻按摩,让它停留几秒钟,并重复的程序,以获得最佳效果。这可以极大地帮助管理严重和频繁的腿部痉挛在怀孕期间。

F. epsom盐:

温暖的常常有助于痉挛和疼痛,但尝试用epsom盐温暖的浴室。通常更实用。含有这种盐的温水浴有助于您整体放松,并且它可以缓解肌肉的紧张局势。

G. Ginger:

姜几乎是必不可少的。其中的镁含量有助于解决腿部抽筋。试试这种做姜茶的方法:

  • Grate one tablespoon of fresh ginger.
  • 把它加入两杯水中烧开。
  • 把它放在平底锅上盖上盖子大约10分钟。
  • 滤茶。
  • 加一勺蜂蜜,挤压半柠檬汁,享受茶。

这种自制姜茶不只是简化痉挛,但有助于消化,流感,咳嗽等。

查看更多:在怀孕的静脉曲张nancy

什么时候去看医生?

Although leg cramps are common during and in second and late pregnancy, they are not easy to manage. If your leg cramps are very regular, persisting, and very painful, do not seem to reduce or control over a period of time, it is best to consult your health care provider and doctor. You may require medicines and treatment if it causes too much pain and uneasiness. Even if you experience heavy swelling or enlarged veins during cramps, it is best to consult your doctor or health care provider for treatment.

怀孕期间的腿部痉挛是预期母亲和孕妇面临的普遍存在问题。但是,它们可以被家庭治疗和补救措施控制和管理。在某些情况下,它们可能会严重肿胀和发红,此时您必须咨询您的医生。我们希望您学会了如何管理腿部痉挛和怀孕。让我们知道您的想法;我们喜欢收到你的来信!

免责声明:

The information given above is only for informational and educational purposes. Always consult your doctor and healthcare provider for better inputs and personalized information, depending on your health conditions and body type. We are not responsible for any errors.

About Yashasvi

yashasvideveloped a deep passion for writing ever since she was completed her Master’s in Mass Communication and Journalism from Andhra University, Visakhapatnam and has chosen a career that is driven by creativity. A Parenting expert who believes in communicating effectively with a personal touch, she writes about pregnancy, baby care, lifestyle, and just about anything else.
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